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Verb to have, simple present – German Course with Eva, lesson 5

verb to have, Simple present of verb to have, HABEN in german: in this lesson you will learn the verb to have and its conjugation. lesson in english.

Simple present of the verb to have – Haben 

In German, the verb sein – to be is used in several constructions (see lesson 4), such as:
– Ich bin groß – I am tall
– Du bist Florian – you are Florian
– Er ist laut – he is noisy
– Wir sind stark – we are strong
– 
Wer seid ihr? – who are you?
– Sie sind hier – they are here

The verb Haben is an irregular verb. The conjugation of the simple present is:

Ich habe – I have
Du hast – you have
Er / Sie / Es hat – he / she / it has
Wir haben – we have
Ihr habt – you have
Sie haben – they have

In German, even haben – to  have is used to form particular constructions, for example:
– Ich habe Hunger – I’m hungry
– Du hast Durst – you are thirsty
As you can notice, in English you use the verb to be to say that you are hungry and thirsty, while in German you use the verb haben to say that “you have hunger and thirst”.
But to express these concepts you can also use the verb sein and say that ich bin hungrig and ich bin durstig, which are the literal translations of I’m hungry and I’m thirsty.

Here are some other expressions with haben; as in English, this verb is particularly used to form the present perfect:
– Er hat Zeit – he has time
– Wir haben genug – we have enough
– Ihr habt getanzt – you have danced
– Sie haben gelacht – they have laughed

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