There’s only one thing in which the Irish beat the German: beer consumption. Indeed, the German are only number two in the world (with 115 litres per year per person), even though Germany produces more than 5000 brands of beer in about 1280 breweries. Moreover, the quality of German beer is ensured by the German Beer Purity Law. So, in order to find the best brand, it’s necessary to visit a lot of different bars, since none of them can obviously stock every single brand.
German language is characterised by many personal pronouns because, unlike English grammar, it has four different cases. This lesson is about the personal pronouns of the first case, which are the simplest and the most important.
The pronouns are:
|Ich – I||Wir – we|
|Du – you||Ihr – you|
|Er, Sie, Es – he/she/it||Sie – they|
The plural pronoun Sie is used both as the equivalent of the English they and the formal way to address a stranger or an authority.
Simple present of to be
After memorizing personal pronouns, you can now have a look at the conjugation of the simple present of sein – to be
|Ich bin – I am||Wir sind – we are|
|Du bist – you are||Ihr seid – you are|
|Er/Sie/Es ist – he/she/it is||Sie sind – they are|
As the English to be, sein is an irregular verb. It is used in several fixed expressions, so here is a list of some of them:
– Ich bin Eva – I’m Eva (see lesson 1)
– Wer bist du? – Who are you?
– Sie ist groß – She is tall
– Wir sind here – We are here
– Ihr seid stark – You are strong
– Sie sind laut – They are noisy