Les voyelles – the vowels
First of all, we’ll consider the vowels, because E and O have different pronunciations: o can be closed [o] as in photo (photo) or open [ɔ] as in port (port), e is silent at the end of a word or of a syllable, as in Madame (Mrs) and petite (little) it can be pronounced [ə] as in je (I) [ɛ] as in père (father), or [e] as in clé (key).
In French, the groups of two or more vowels, that’s to say the diphthongs, have a fixed pronunciation.
|OI is pronounced [wa] as in moi (me)||OU is pronounced [u] as in tout (all)||AI is pronounced [e] as in paix (peace) or [ɛ] as in paire (pair)|
|EI is pronounced [e] as in enseignant (teacher) or [ɛ] as in reine (queen)||AU, EAU are pronounced [o] as in beau (beautiful)||EU is pronounced [ø] as in eux (them) or [œ] as in peur (fear)|